A Guide to the Best Healthcare System in Greece: Navigating Care

Greece, with its rich history and stunning landscapes, is not just a top tourist destination but also a popular expat haven. However, understanding the best healthcare system in Greece can be a complex endeavor. This guide aims to demystify the healthcare landscape in Greece, providing expatriates with essential insights, actionable guidance, and useful tips to navigate the system effectively.

Understanding the Greek Best Healthcare System

The Greek healthcare system is a mix of public and private sectors. It has undergone significant reforms, especially following the economic challenges of the past decade. The National Health System (ESY) provides free or low-cost healthcare to residents, funded by taxes and social security contributions. However, due to funding issues and resource constraints, many locals and expats opt for private healthcare to bypass long waiting times and ensure a higher standard of care.

Key Considerations for Expatriates

  1. Health Insurance: Registration with a social security fund is crucial for accessing public healthcare services. Expatriates working in Greece automatically contribute to the social security system, granting them access to ESY services. However, those not employed or moving from non-EU countries should consider private health insurance to cover medical expenses.
  2. Registering with a Doctor: In Greece, you can choose your own doctor for primary care. It’s advisable to register with a doctor when you move to an area. In urban centers, finding English-speaking doctors is relatively easy, which can be a significant relief for expats.
  3. Hospital Services: Public hospitals provide free services to those covered by social security, but be prepared for possible delays and crowded conditions. Private hospitals offer faster services and more comfortable conditions, but at a higher cost.
  4. Pharmacies: Pharmacies are widespread, and pharmacists often provide medical advice for minor ailments. Medications require a prescription, and costs can vary significantly between public and private sectors.

Actionable Guidance and Useful Tips

  • Health Insurance Options: Thoroughly explore both public and private insurance options. For EU citizens, the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) provides access to necessary healthcare services during temporary stays, but it’s not a substitute for comprehensive health insurance.
  • Emergency Services: In case of an emergency, dial 166 for an ambulance. Emergency services are free in public hospitals, but ambulance services can be charged, especially if private services are used.
  • Understanding the System: Familiarize yourself with the local healthcare system, including how to make appointments, the referral system for specialists, and how prescriptions work.
  • Language Barrier: While many healthcare professionals in urban areas speak English, language can be a barrier in more rural areas. Learning basic Greek medical terms or using a translation app can be helpful.
  • Preventive Care: Take advantage of preventive services available, such as vaccinations and screenings, which are often covered by social security.

Resources for Further Information

To enhance your understanding of the Greek healthcare system and to stay informed about any changes or updates, consider the following resources:

  • Greek Ministry of Health (moh.gov.gr): The official website provides comprehensive information about public healthcare services, policies, and reforms.
  • Embassies and Consulates: Your home country’s embassy or consulate can provide information and assistance regarding healthcare services for expatriates.
  • IKA-ETAM (Social Security Organization): For information on social security coverage and healthcare services available to workers and their families.


Navigating the best healthcare system in Greece as an expatriate involves understanding the balance between public and private services, ensuring appropriate health insurance coverage, and familiarizing oneself with local healthcare practices. Despite its challenges, the Greek healthcare system offers a range of services to meet the needs of its residents, including expatriates. By staying informed, leveraging available resources, and planning ahead, expatriates can ensure a smoother and more effective healthcare experience in Greece. Remember, preparation is key to overcoming the complexities of accessing healthcare in a foreign country.

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