Key Aspects of the Healthcare System in Hungary: A Guide

Hungary’s healthcare system, known for its high level of medical services and experienced professionals, has become an increasingly popular destination for medical tourism in recent years. For expatriates living in Hungary, understanding how to navigate this system is crucial for accessing healthcare services efficiently. This guide delves into the key aspects of the Hungarian healthcare system, offering insights and practical advice for expats.

Overview of the Healthcare System in Hungary

Hungary operates a universal healthcare system largely funded by the National Health Insurance Fund (Országos Egészségbiztosítási Pénztár, OEP). It provides a wide range of healthcare services, including general and specialized medical care, hospital services, prescriptions, and rehabilitation, ensuring comprehensive coverage for residents.

Public vs. Private Healthcare

While the public healthcare system is well-established, some expats and locals opt for private healthcare due to shorter waiting times and more personalized service. Private insurance can be a supplement or alternative to public health insurance, offering access to private clinics and hospitals.

Accessing Healthcare as an Expat

To access medical services in Hungary, expatriates need to contribute to the national health insurance system or have private health insurance. Here are the key steps and considerations:

1. National Health Insurance Contribution

Expats employed in Hungary automatically contribute to the national health insurance through their employer. Self-employed individuals and those without employment need to arrange their contributions to ensure healthcare coverage.

2. TAJ Card

The TAJ card (social security card) is essential for accessing public healthcare services in Hungary. Once you’re registered with the national health insurance, you’ll receive this card, which you must present when visiting healthcare facilities.

3. Registering with a General Practitioner (GP)

It’s advisable to register with a GP (háziorvos) in your local area. The GP is your first point of contact for medical issues and can refer you to specialists if needed.

4. Understanding Prescription Costs

While many healthcare services are covered by the national health insurance, there are co-payments for medications. The cost can vary, with some medicines heavily subsidized.

5. Dental Care

Basic dental care is covered by the national health insurance, but more complex procedures and cosmetic dentistry usually require private payment or insurance.

Private Health Insurance

Many expats choose private health insurance for broader coverage and access to private healthcare facilities. When selecting a private insurance plan, consider the following:

  • Coverage scope (including international coverage if you travel frequently).
  • Direct billing agreements with hospitals and clinics.
  • Inclusion of dental and specialist services.

Emergency Services

In case of an emergency, dial 112 for immediate medical assistance. Emergency services are available to everyone, regardless of insurance status.

Tips for Navigating the Healthcare System

  • Language Barrier: While many Hungarian doctors speak English, especially in private healthcare and major cities, language can be a barrier in public healthcare and rural areas. Consider bringing a Hungarian-speaking friend or using a translation service for important medical appointments.
  • Healthcare Quality: The quality of healthcare in Hungary is generally high, but facilities and practices can vary. Research hospitals and clinics beforehand to ensure they meet your standards.
  • Pharmacies: Pharmacies (gyógyszertár) are widely available, with many in Budapest open 24/7. For prescription medications, ensure you have your TAJ card and prescription from your doctor.

Further Resources


Navigating the healthcare system in Hungary requires some understanding and preparation, especially for expatriates. By familiarizing yourself with the key aspects of public and private healthcare, ensuring proper insurance coverage, and understanding how to access medical services, you can enjoy a healthy and secure stay in Hungary. Whether you opt for the comprehensive coverage of the national health system or the flexibility of private healthcare, Hungary offers quality medical care to meet your needs.

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