Relocating to Belgium: Document Checklist for Relocators

Relocating to Belgium, with its rich history, diverse culture, and high quality of life, is an exciting prospect for many. However, the process involves navigating through a maze of bureaucratic requirements, especially when it comes to the necessary documentation. Whether you’re moving from within the EU or from a non-EU country, this guide provides a comprehensive checklist of documents you’ll need for a smooth transition to life in Belgium.

For EU Citizens

As an EU citizen, you have the right to live and work in Belgium without a visa. However, there are still several important documents you should prepare:

1. Identity Card or Passport: Ensure your ID or passport is valid for the duration of your stay.

2. European Health Insurance Card (EHIC): This card provides access to medical care under the same conditions as Belgian nationals.

3. Proof of Employment or Self-Employment: This could be an employment contract, a business registration, or a letter from your employer.

4. Proof of Enrollment in an Educational Institution: If you’re moving for study purposes, bring your admission letter or student ID.

5. Proof of Sufficient Resources: To ensure you can support yourself without becoming a burden on the social assistance system.

6. Proof of Accommodation: A rental agreement or a letter from your host can serve as proof.

7. Registration with the Local Commune: Within three months of arrival, you must register with your local municipal office to obtain a residence certificate.

For Non-EU Citizens

Non-EU nationals face more stringent requirements. In addition to the above documents (where applicable), you’ll need:

1. Visa: Depending on your reason for moving, you might need a Schengen visa, a long-stay visa, or a work visa. Check the Belgian embassy or consulate’s website in your home country for specific requirements.

2. Work Permit: Unless you qualify for an exemption, you’ll likely need a work permit. Your employer in Belgium can often assist with this.

3. Residence Permit: Upon arrival, you’ll need to apply for a residence permit at your local municipal office. This requires:

  • A valid passport.
  • Proof of accommodation in Belgium.
  • A health certificate from an approved doctor, proving you don’t have any diseases that could endanger public health.
  • A police clearance certificate, showing you have no criminal record.

4. Proof of Health Insurance: You must have comprehensive health insurance coverage for your stay in Belgium.

Additional Considerations for All Belgium Relocators

1. Marriage or Birth Certificates: If moving with family, bring official copies of marriage or birth certificates for family registration purposes.

2. Academic and Professional Qualifications: For job-seeking or educational purposes, translated and possibly apostilled or legalized copies of your diplomas and certificates may be required.

3. Driving License: Check whether your current driving license is valid in Belgium, or if you’ll need an International Driving Permit or to exchange it for a Belgian license.

4. Language Preparation: Belgium has three official languages: Dutch, French, and German. Depending on where you’re moving, having some knowledge of the local language can be incredibly helpful.

5. Pet Documentation: If bringing pets, ensure you have their vaccination records and an EU pet passport or third-country official veterinary certificate.

Tips for a Smooth Documentation Process

  • Start Early: Begin gathering and organizing your documents well in advance of your move.
  • Stay Organized: Keep all your documents in one secure, easily accessible place. Consider keeping electronic copies as backups.
  • Check Expiry Dates: Ensure all documents are valid for the duration of your stay or longer.
  • Official Translations: Some documents may need to be officially translated into the official language of your new Belgian region.
  • Legalization and Apostille: Check whether any documents need to be legalized or have an apostille certificate for use in Belgium.

Further Resources

  • The official portal of the Belgian government provides information on moving to and living in Belgium.
  • For visa and consular services, the Belgian Foreign Affairs website is a valuable resource.


Moving to Belgium requires careful planning, especially when it comes to ensuring you have all the necessary documentation. By following this checklist and taking advantage of available resources, you can navigate the process more smoothly and start your new life in Belgium on the right foot. Whether you’re drawn by Belgium’s medieval cities, its culinary delights, or professional opportunities, being well-prepared will help you make the most of what this diverse country has to offer.

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