Working in Belgium: Necessary Documentation Checklist

Embarking on a professional journey in Belgium, with its strategic location in Europe and multilingual workforce, can be a rewarding experience. However, navigating the administrative process requires careful preparation, particularly when it comes to gathering the necessary documentation. Whether you’re an EU citizen enjoying the ease of mobility within the Union or a non-EU national looking forward to new opportunities, this guide provides a comprehensive checklist to ensure you have all your documents in order for working in Belgium.

For EU Citizens

As an EU citizen, you have the right to work in Belgium without a work permit, but there are still some essential documents you need to arrange:

1. Identity Card or Passport: Ensure your ID or passport is current and valid for the duration of your stay.

2. European Health Insurance Card (EHIC): While this card provides you with access to necessary healthcare services, it’s advisable to register with a Belgian health insurance fund for comprehensive coverage.

3. Proof of Employment: This could be your employment contract or an offer letter from your Belgian employer, detailing your role and terms of employment.

4. Registration with Local Municipality: Within a few days of arriving in Belgium, you’ll need to register at the local town hall (commune/gemeente) in your place of residence and obtain a residence certificate.

5. Social Security Registration: Your employer will typically handle this, registering you with the Belgian social security system, which is mandatory for accessing various social services.

For Non-EU Citizens

The process for non-EU citizens involves additional steps, primarily centered around obtaining the right to work:

1. Work Permit or Single Permit: Depending on the duration and nature of your work, you’ll need to apply for a work permit (for less than 90 days of work) or a single permit (for more than 90 days). The application usually requires:

  • A valid passport.
  • A completed application form.
  • A job offer or employment contract from a Belgian employer.
  • Proof of professional qualifications.
  • Medical certificate.
  • A clean criminal record certificate.

2. Visa: For stays longer than 90 days, you’ll also need a long-stay visa (D visa) to enter Belgium, for which the single permit application can serve as part of the visa application process.

3. Residence Permit: Upon arrival, you’ll need to apply for a residence permit at your local town hall, which involves:

  • Passport and visa.
  • Work or single permit.
  • Proof of accommodation in Belgium.
  • Health insurance coverage.
  • Proof of sufficient means of subsistence.

Common Documents for All Workers

Irrespective of your nationality, here are some additional documents and considerations for working in Belgium:

1. Health Insurance: Registration with a Belgian health insurance fund is essential for accessing healthcare services.

2. Bank Account: Opening a Belgian bank account is usually necessary for receiving your salary. You’ll need your ID/passport, proof of employment, and sometimes proof of address.

3. Tax Identification Number: You’ll be assigned a tax number once you start working in Belgium, which is crucial for tax purposes.

4. Driver’s License: Check if your current driver’s license is valid in Belgium, or if you need to apply for a Belgian license.

Tips for a Smooth Documentation Process

  • Start Early: Begin the documentation process well in advance of your planned move to Belgium.
  • Stay Organized: Keep all documents, and copies of them, in a secure and easily accessible place.
  • Check Expiry Dates: Ensure all documents, especially your ID and passport, are valid for the duration of your stay in Belgium.
  • Translations: Some documents might need to be translated into one of Belgium’s official languages (Dutch, French, or German). Official translations may be required.

Further Resources

  • FPS Foreign Affairs Belgium: provides information on visa and consular services.
  • Belgium Social Security: offers comprehensive details on social security registration and benefits in Belgium.


Working in Belgium is an appealing prospect for many, thanks to the country’s central location in Europe and high standards of living. By meticulously preparing your documentation and understanding the administrative requirements, you can ensure a smooth transition to your new professional life in Belgium. Whether navigating the process as an EU citizen or a non-EU national, staying informed and organized is key to overcoming the bureaucratic hurdles and making the most of the opportunities Belgium has to offer.

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